Should You Buy or Adopt a Dachshund?

The quest for a four-legged companion is a journey fraught with tough questions, the most pivotal of which, perhaps, is whether to adopt or buy. A dachshund, with its playful demeanor, winsome appearance, and well-known loyalty, is often a breed that tops the wish lists of potential pet owners. But should you buy or adopt a dachshund? The short answer is—it depends on various factors including your lifestyle, commitment, and what you’re looking for in a pet. However, adoption often aligns with ethical considerations, a spirit of giving back to the community, and an opportunity to provide a forever home to a dog in need.

Table of Contents

Dachshunds: A Brief Background

So, you’ve set your heart on a dachshund—a breed that’s as distinctive as it is endearing. Often nicknamed the ‘sausage dog’ due to their unique physical appearance, this breed carries a rich history and an undeniable charm. But before you bring one into your life, it’s essential to understand what makes a dachshund a dachshund.

The Origin Story

The dachshund’s story begins in Germany, where the breed’s name directly translates to ‘badger dog.’ This name speaks volumes about their initial purpose—dachshunds were originally bred for badger hunting due to their ideal size and courage. The breed’s elongated body and stout legs were perfect for maneuvering through narrow badger dens while their robust personality gave them the bravery needed to take on such a formidable adversary.

The Breed Breakdown

Today, dachshunds come in two sizes—standard and miniature. Standard dachshunds typically weigh between 16 and 32 pounds, whereas their miniature counterparts clock in under 11 pounds. Their coat also comes in three varieties: smooth, wirehaired, and longhaired, each carrying its own specific grooming needs.

Characteristics and Temperament

Dachshunds are famously characterized by their vibrant personality—bold, playful, and often stubborn. Their hunting origins have equipped them with a strong sense of independence and an insatiable curiosity. However, they can also be reserved and somewhat standoffish with strangers. Early and consistent socialization is key to helping your dachshund become a well-rounded canine citizen.

Their small size and moderate energy levels make them ideal for apartment living, but don’t be fooled—they need regular exercise to maintain a healthy weight and keep boredom at bay. Dachshunds have a propensity for obesity, which can put undue strain on their long backs, leading to potential health issues.

Health Considerations

Speaking of health, the dachshund’s unique physique, while charming, can also present challenges. The breed is known for its susceptibility to Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD), a condition affecting the discs in the spine. Regular vet checks and preventative care, like maintaining a healthy weight and limiting strenuous jumping, are vital to their wellbeing.

In terms of lifespan, dachshunds are relatively long-lived compared to other breeds, with an average lifespan of 12 to 16 years. However, they may require additional care and attention as they age.

The Dachshund’s Popularity

Despite their unique needs, or perhaps because of their unique charm, dachshunds have enjoyed consistent popularity. They have wormed their way into the hearts of millions, including notable figures throughout history. Picasso had a dachshund named Lump, who he frequently used as a subject for his art, and Queen Victoria was a known admirer of the breed, reportedly saying, “Nothing will turn a man’s home into a castle more quickly and effectively than a dachshund.”

Buying a Dachshund: The Pros and Cons

Aspiring dachshund owners might find the option of purchasing a puppy from a reputable breeder particularly attractive. While buying a dachshund certainly comes with its own set of benefits, it’s essential to consider the potential downsides before making your final decision.


Understanding a Puppy’s Lineage and Health History

One significant advantage of buying a dachshund from a reputable breeder is the ability to understand the puppy’s lineage and health history. Good breeders conduct health screenings and genetic testing to mitigate potential hereditary conditions. You’ll gain insight into your future pet’s potential size, coat type, and disposition, along with the assurance that your breeder has taken steps to ensure the puppy’s health.

Specific Characteristics and Appearance

When buying a dachshund puppy, you have more control over specific characteristics, such as coat type, color, and size. Whether you desire a black and tan smooth coat or a dapple longhaired miniature, buying from a breeder allows you to choose these factors to fit your preference.

Socialization and Training from an Early Age

With a puppy, you have the opportunity to shape its behavior from a very young age. You can ensure it’s properly socialized, exposed to various environments, and trained according to your lifestyle. This early formative period can help foster a well-behaved, confident adult dog.


High Upfront Costs

Buying a purebred dachshund puppy from a reputable breeder can be quite costly. The price can range from several hundred to a few thousand dollars, depending on the breeder and the puppy’s lineage. This cost doesn’t account for initial vet visits, vaccinations, spaying or neutering, and all the necessary supplies a new puppy requires.

Ethical Concerns Associated with Breeding

There are also ethical considerations when buying a dachshund. Not all breeders are responsible or ethical, and supporting bad breeding practices contributes to a cycle of overpopulation and poor health in dogs. It’s crucial to research thoroughly and choose a breeder who prioritizes the health and wellbeing of their dogs over profits.

Potential for Health Issues Inherent to the Breed

Even with a reputable breeder, some health issues are prevalent in the dachshund breed due to their distinct body shape. As mentioned, dachshunds are prone to spinal problems like Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD). While good breeders take steps to reduce these risks, they cannot guarantee a puppy won’t develop these issues later in life.

Adopting a Dachshund: The Pros and Cons

Opting for adoption over buying a dachshund can be a noble and rewarding endeavor, granting a second chance to a dog in need of a loving home. However, adopting a dachshund, like any other breed, comes with its own unique advantages and challenges.


Giving a Deserving Dog a Second Chance

Adopting a dachshund often means giving an abandoned or rescued dog a chance for a better life. It’s an opportunity to provide a safe and loving home to a dog that may have experienced neglect or hardship in the past. In doing so, you’re not just acquiring a pet; you’re offering a lifeline.

More Affordable Than Buying

Generally, adoption is significantly less expensive than buying a puppy from a breeder. Adoption fees often include initial veterinary care, such as spaying or neutering, vaccinations, and microchipping. These fees are typically a fraction of what you’d pay when buying a dachshund from a breeder, making it a more economical option for many families.

Adoption Can Save a Life

Shelters and rescues are often overcrowded, and by adopting, you’re helping to alleviate this issue. Furthermore, you’re reducing the demand for puppies from puppy mills and unscrupulous breeders. In this sense, choosing to adopt a dachshund (or any dog) is a step toward promoting animal welfare.


Unknown Health History and Potential Behavioral Issues

One of the primary challenges of adopting a dachshund can be the uncertainty surrounding the dog’s health history. While many rescue dogs live healthy, full lives, some may come with undisclosed or unknown health issues. Additionally, dogs that have experienced neglect or trauma may exhibit behavioral problems, requiring patience and potentially professional training to address.

Limited Choice in Age, Appearance, or Characteristics

When adopting, you may have limited options regarding the dog’s age, appearance, or characteristics. Puppies are often less common in rescue organizations, and if you have a specific coat type or color preference, finding the ‘perfect’ match might take time and patience.

Adjustment and Bonding Period

Adopted dogs, especially those who’ve experienced traumatic pasts, might require a longer adjustment and bonding period. They may initially display fear, aggression, or other stress behaviors. It’s crucial to provide a calm, stable environment and be patient, allowing your new pet ample time to acclimate to their new surroundings.

The Cost Factor: Buying vs. Adopting

When it comes to bringing a dachshund into your life, the initial cost of acquisition—whether through buying or adopting—can be just the tip of the iceberg. It’s crucial to consider the long-term costs and responsibilities associated with dog ownership as well.

Buying a Dachshund

The cost of buying a dachshund puppy from a reputable breeder can vary considerably, generally ranging from several hundred to a few thousand dollars. Factors influencing this cost include the breeder’s reputation, the puppy’s lineage, and the puppy’s coat type and color.

However, the upfront cost of buying a dachshund is only the beginning. You must also factor in the cost of initial veterinary care (including vaccinations and spaying/neutering if the breeder hasn’t already done so), microchipping, and the essential supplies you’ll need—everything from food and toys to bedding and a crate. Additionally, if you’re purchasing a purebred dachshund, consider potential genetic health issues that might require expensive treatment down the line.

Adopting a Dachshund

Adopting a dachshund from a shelter or rescue organization is generally less expensive upfront than buying. Adoption fees can range widely, but they often include initial veterinary care, vaccinations, microchipping, and sometimes even the cost of spaying or neutering. However, it’s worth noting that some rescue dachshunds may come with health issues that require immediate or ongoing care, potentially leading to significant veterinary expenses.

Adopting an older dachshund may also incur costs related to age-specific health issues, which can include anything from dental care to treatment for conditions like arthritis or heart disease. And, of course, the costs of food, grooming supplies, bedding, and other day-to-day care expenses will be similar to those you would incur with a purchased dachshund.

Long-Term Costs

Regardless of whether you choose to buy or adopt, the long-term costs of owning a dachshund should not be overlooked. These costs include ongoing veterinary care, high-quality food, grooming, training classes, and dog insurance, if you choose to purchase a policy. Also consider less tangible—but equally important—investments like your time and energy, which you’ll need plenty of for training, exercising, and socializing your dachshund.

The Bottom Line

Financial considerations should play a key role in your decision to buy or adopt a dachshund. The most responsible course of action is to assess your financial situation honestly and consider not just the initial costs but also the potential long-term expenses.

The rewards of sharing your life with a dachshund, whether purchased or adopted, are immense. But it’s crucial to ensure that you’re financially capable of providing for their needs—today and for the entirety of their life. This foresight will go a long way in ensuring a happy and healthy life for your dachshund and a rewarding, stress-free relationship for both of you.

Ethical Considerations: Puppy Mills and Rescue Centers

When deciding to welcome a dachshund into your life, the route you choose should not only align with your lifestyle and financial considerations but also with your personal ethics. The stark reality is that the world of dog breeding and rescue is filled with both heartwarming stories of love and tragic tales of neglect. As such, it is incumbent upon potential dog owners to make informed and ethical decisions.

Puppy Mills: A Dark Side of the Breeding Industry

Despite the allure of a cuddly dachshund puppy from a seemingly reputable breeder, it’s crucial to understand the existence of puppy mills, which represent a darker side of the dog breeding industry. Puppy mills are large-scale breeding operations that put profit before the wellbeing of the dogs. They’re notorious for their horrific conditions, including overcrowding, poor sanitation, minimal to no veterinary care, and lack of proper food and socialization.

Dogs from puppy mills often suffer from health and behavioral issues due to the lack of care and early separation from their mothers. Supporting these establishments—often inadvertently, through pet stores or online purchases—perpetuates a cycle of cruelty and overpopulation.

When choosing to buy a dachshund, it’s paramount to do thorough research and ensure that the breeder is reputable and prioritizes the health and wellbeing of their dogs. Responsible breeders will have comprehensive health checks for their breeding dogs, provide appropriate living conditions, and willingly share information about the puppy’s parents and lineage.

Rescue Centers: A Beacon of Hope

On the other end of the spectrum, rescue centers stand as beacons of hope for many dogs. These organizations, often staffed by passionate and dedicated volunteers, strive to save, rehabilitate, and rehome dogs from various situations, including abandonment, neglect, or owner surrenders. By adopting from a rescue center, you support the invaluable work these organizations do and give a dog a much-needed second chance at a happy life.

However, it’s important to note that not all rescue organizations are created equal. Before adopting, research the organization to ensure they follow best practices in animal care, including veterinary checks, behavior assessments, and providing appropriate housing for their dogs.

Making an Informed Decision

Both routes—buying and adopting—require diligent research and a commitment to making ethical choices. Avoiding puppy mills and ensuring that breeders or rescue centers follow high standards of care is crucial.

Making The Decision: Factors To Consider

Deciding whether to buy or adopt a dachshund is a significant choice, one that should be made with careful thought and consideration. Each path has its advantages and challenges, and the right decision depends on various factors specific to your circumstances, values, and lifestyle.

Your Lifestyle and Household

Firstly, consider your lifestyle and household dynamics. Puppies require significant time and effort for training and socialization, while older dogs may be better suited for a quieter home or for those who prefer a pet with a more settled temperament.

Your Financial Situation

Secondly, be honest about your financial situation. The costs of owning a dog extend beyond the initial purchase or adoption fee. Routine veterinary care, food, grooming, toys, and potential health issues can add up. Make sure you’re financially prepared to take care of a dog’s needs throughout their life.

The Dog’s Health and Behavior

Thirdly, consider potential health and behavioral issues. While reputable breeders aim to breed healthy dogs and provide health guarantees, some genetic health issues are prevalent in dachshunds. On the other hand, rescue dogs may have unknown health backgrounds, and some may come with behavioral issues due to past trauma.

Commitment to Dog Ownership

Fourthly, reflect on your commitment to dog ownership. Both buying and adopting a dog is a commitment of many years, during which you’ll need to provide your dachshund with love, care, and attention. Before making a decision, ensure you are ready for the responsibility that comes with pet ownership.

Ethical Considerations

Finally, your decision should align with your ethical considerations. If promoting animal welfare and combating overpopulation is important to you, adopting a rescue dachshund can be an impactful way to contribute to the cause. If you opt to buy, ensure you’re supporting a responsible breeder who prioritizes the health and wellbeing of their dogs.


The decision to buy or adopt a dachshund is not one-size-fits-all. Each potential dog owner has unique circumstances and considerations that will shape this decision. And while the prospect of welcoming a dachshund into your life can be exciting, it’s important to approach this decision with the gravity it deserves.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

Is a dachshund a good fit for families with children?

Dachshunds are generally known for their friendly and outgoing nature, making them a potential fit for families with children. However, they also have a reputation for being somewhat stubborn, so consistent, positive training methods are necessary. Importantly, children should be taught how to interact respectfully with dogs to ensure a harmonious relationship. Remember, every dog is an individual, and early socialization and training play a significant role in shaping their behavior.

What are some common health issues to be aware of in dachshunds?

Dachshunds, due to their unique body shape, can be prone to certain health issues. One of the most common is Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD), which affects the spine and can lead to paralysis in severe cases. Regular veterinary check-ups, maintaining a healthy weight, and avoiding activities that can strain the spine, such as climbing stairs or jumping off furniture, are essential in managing and preventing these issues.

How long does a dachshund typically live?

Dachshunds are known for their relatively long lifespan compared to other breeds. On average, a dachshund can live between 12 to 16 years. However, some have been known to live longer with good care. It’s essential to provide them with a balanced diet, regular exercise, routine veterinary care, and plenty of love to ensure they live a long, healthy, and happy life.

Leave a Comment